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Delays Have Become Synonymous With Deaths': Railroad-Safety Litigators Urge Prompt PTC Implementation

PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 19, 2017 -- Two of America's foremost legal authorities on railroad catastrophes, Thomas R. Kline, Esq. and Robert J. Mongeluzzi, Esq., sharply criticized Amtrak and Congress after the National Transportation Safety Board(NTSB) last night confirmed that Amtrak Train #501 was operating at nearly three times the speed limit when it derailed.


Mr. Mongeluzzi, of Saltz, Mongeluzzi, Barrett, & Bendesky, P.C., and Mr. Kline, of Kline & Specter PC, said they were not surprised to hear NTSB officials confirm that the train was traveling at 80 mph in a 30 mph speed-restricted curve, nor that the Amtrak equipment was not equipped with Positive Train Control (PTC) that is designed to override the engineer and ensure safe operation. "We saw this happen on Amtrak Train #188 in Philadelphia in 2015, when the train was going more than 100 mph in a 50 mph zone, with no PTC to save lives," said Mr. Mongeluzzi. "Clearly, despite all the post-incident cries for safer trains, more loved ones on their morning commute have now been killed in this foreseeable and preventable tragedy in Washington. The federal government needs to stop postponing  the date for full PTC implementation, and compel prompt compliance. "

Mr. Kline, noting that PTC technology has been around since the 1970s, but its implementation delayed by Congress over the past decade, stated, "Delay has become synonymous with deaths. It is inexcusable that this new Amtrak line – on its first day in service – was operating without PTC. How can Amtrak explain not only the train's inexplicable speeding, but also its catastrophic safety failure to the family member of any of the victims? "

Mr. Mongeluzzi and Mr. Kline both served on the Plaintiffs Management Committee (PMC) in Federal court resulting from the fatal 2015 derailment of Amtrak #188 in Philadelphia. They represented a combined 34 passengers in the litigation that resulted in a landmark $265 million settlement. The attorneys also represent victims in the 2016 fatal derailment of Amtrak #89, in Chester, Pennsylvania, and victims of the fatal New Jersey Transit train crash in Hoboken Station last year. Mr. Kline and Mr. Mongeluzzi have long advocated for railroad safety reforms such as mandatory Positive Train Control (PTC), onboard-inward facing cab cameras and expanded medical testing for train Amtrak personnel, including engineers.


Robert J. Mongeluzzi
[email protected] 
215.850.6571 / 215.575.2989

Thomas R. Kline
[email protected] 

Airborne Surveillance Market Worth 5.81 Billion USD by 2023

According to the market research report on "Airborne Surveillance Market by Type (LiDAR, Radar, Imaging System), Product Type (Manned, Unmanned), Application (Military, Defense & Security, Commercial (Surveying & Mapping, Inspection, & Monitoring)), and Geography - Global Forecast to 2023", published by MarketsandMarkets™, the market is expected to be worth USD 4.42 Billion in 2017 and is expected to reach USD 5.81 Billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 4.7% during the forecast period. The availability of drones at lower cost and improved laws have been a major driving force for airborne surveillance applications. The growing demand for UAVs in commercial applications, rapid technological advancements, and the adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) in various applications of drones are some of the major driving factors for the airborne surveillance market.


Browse 70 market data Tables and 71 Figures spread through 162 Pages and in-depth TOC on "Airborne Surveillance Market - Global Forecast to 2023"

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"LiDAR is expected to grow at the highest CAGR in the airborne surveillance market during the forecast period" 

Major driving factors include the growing use of LiDAR systems in various applications such as surveying, mapping, and engineering, wide area mapping, urban planning, corridor mapping, bathymetric surveys, agriculture and forestry, inspection and monitoring of infrastructure including pipelines, utilities, telecom towers, roads, bridges, and others. Also, LiDAR is used for exploration and production activities in oil & gas and mining industries. Technological advancements in LiDAR have broaden the scope of LiDAR in various applications. LiDAR data can be collected quickly with high accuracy, compared to other surveying methods.

"Commercial application is expected to grow at the highest CAGR in the airborne surveillance market during the forecast period" 

Commercial applications such as surveying and mapping; agriculture; and inspection and monitoring of assets, such as oil & gas pipelines, telecom towers, bridges, rail lines, and others, are expected to create opportunities for the airborne surveillance market. The relaxation in laws for the use of drones in various applications has led to a wide adoption of drones in various commercial applications. Also, various factors such as financing, funding, and lower cost of drones have propelled the airborne surveillance market.

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"Airborne surveillance market in North America is expected to hold the highest share during the forecast period" 

North America is expected to hold the largest share of the airborne surveillance market during the forecast period. North America was the leading region for the airborne surveillance market in 2016. The US, among other regions in North America, has a huge defense budget as compared to countries in Europe or APAC, thus leading to increasing demand for airborne surveillance systems in North America. The US is expected to be a major contributor to the airborne surveillance market in North America.

The market is dominated by manufacturers such as Boeing (US), Lockheed Martin (US), and Raytheon (US). The presence of major players in the US is expected to drive the airborne surveillance market. Also, the relaxation in regulations related to drones and UAVs help drive the airborne surveillance market in North America. For instance, FAA took some major steps regarding the use of commercial drones in 2016, and the trend is likely to continue in 2017. The introduction of new rules and regulations eased the regulatory burden pertaining to the use of commercial drones in 2016.

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Major players in this market include Airbus (France), Boeing (US), Saab (Sweden), BAE Systems (UK), Raytheon (US), Lockheed Martin (US), Leonardo (Italy), FLIR Systems (US), Northrop Grumman (US), L-3 Wescam (Canada), Leica Geosystems (Switzerland), Teledyne Technologies (US), Safran (France), Thales (France), and Israel Aerospace Industries (Israel).

Browse Related Reports 

LIDAR Market by Product (Aerial, Ground-Based, UAV, and Solid-State), Application (Corridor Mapping, Engineering, ADAS & Driverless Car, Exploration, Urban Planning, Cartography, & Meteorology), Component, Services, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022

UAV Drones Market by Type (Fixed Wing, VTOL, STUAS, MALE, HALE), Payload (Up to 150 and 600 kg), Component (Camera, Sensor), Application (Media & Entertainment, Precision Agriculture), and Geography - Global Forecast to 2023

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"Four Pillars" Strategy to Advance America’s Interests

"Our government's first duty is to its people, to our citizens — to serve their needs, to ensure their safety, to preserve their rights, and to defend their values."

Elbit Systems Awarded Follow-on $46 Million Contract to Provide DIRCM Systems to NATO

HAIFA, Israel, December 19, Elbit Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: ESLT) (TASE: ESLT) ("Elbit Systems" or the "Company") announced today that it was awarded a follow-on $46 million contract to supply additional J-Music™ DIRCM (Direct Infrared Countermeasures) self-protection systems to NATO, for its Airbus A330 Multinational Multi-Role Tanker Transport Fleet ("MMF") Program. The contract will be performed over a four-year period.

Similar to several previous awards from global air forces and other customers, Elbit Systems will equip NATO's Airbus A330 tankers with the J-Music DIRCM systems along with the Company's Infra-Red-based Passive Airborne Warning Systems (PAWS IR).

Colonel Jan der Kinderen, Chairman of the MMF Steering Group, highlighted: "The MMF users are very pleased that the Multi Role Tanker Transport aircraft (MRTTs) are going to be equipped with Elbit Systems' J-Music DIRCM system. This will greatly add to the safety and operational flexibility of the total fleet. It is also great to see how Airbus and Elbit Systems work closely together to integrate the systems." 

Peter DOHMEN, General Manager, NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA), said: "NSPA is pleased to award this contract to Elbit Systems and provide important capability for NATO"s A330 tanker fleet, which will allow the aircraft, crew and passengers to operate more safely in hostile environments."

Elad Aharonson, General Manager of Elbit Systems ISTAR Division, commented: "This follow-on contract that extends the supply of J-Music DIRCM and PAWS IR missile warning systems to NATO's MMF program, attests to Elbit Systems' technological and operational competitive advantage in addressing the intensifying threat of shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles."

About Elbit Systems  
Elbit Systems Ltd. is an international high technology company engaged in a wide range of defense, homeland security and commercial programs throughout the world. The Company, which includes Elbit Systems and its subsidiaries, operates in the areas of aerospace, land and naval systems, command, control, communications, computers, intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance ("C4ISR"), unmanned aircraft systems, advanced electro-optics, electro-optic space systems, EW suites, signal intelligence systems, data links and communications systems, radios and cyber-based systems. The Company also focuses on the upgrading of existing platforms, developing new technologies for defense, homeland security and commercial applications and providing a range of support services, including training and simulation systems.

For additional information, visit: , follow us on Twitter or visit our official Youtube Channel.

This press release contains forward-looking statements (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) regarding Elbit Systems Ltd. and/or its subsidiaries (collectively the Company), to the extent such statements do not relate to historical or current fact.  Forward-looking statements are based on management's expectations, estimates, projections and assumptions.  Forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, as amended.  These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks and uncertainties, which are difficult to predict.  Therefore, actual future results, performance and trends may differ materially from these forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors, including, without limitation: scope and length of customer contracts; governmental regulations and approvals; changes in governmental budgeting priorities; general market, political and economic conditions in the countries in which the Company operates or sells, including Israel and the United States among others; differences in anticipated and actual program performance, including the ability to perform under long-term fixed-price contracts; and the outcome of legal and/or regulatory proceedings.  The factors listed above are not all-inclusive, and further information is contained in Elbit Systems Ltd.'s latest annual report on Form 20-F, which is on file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this release. The Company does not undertake to update its forward-looking statements.

Elbit Systems Ltd., its logo, brand, product, service and process names appearing in this Press Release are the trademarks or service marks of Elbit Systems Ltd. or its affiliated companies.  All other brand, product, service and process names appearing are the trademarks of their respective holders.  Reference to or use of a product, service or process other than those of Elbit Systems Ltd. does not imply recommendation, approval, affiliation or sponsorship of that product, service or process by Elbit Systems Ltd. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as conferring by implication, estoppel or otherwise any license or right under any patent, copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right of Elbit Systems Ltd. or any third party, except as expressly granted herein.

New NIST Spectrometer Measures Single Photons with Great Precision

Future communications networks that are less vulnerable to hacking could be closer to reality with an invention that measures the properties of single-photon sources with high accuracy.

Built by scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the device could help bring about “quantum communications” networks, which would use individual particles of light to send bits of information. Because each bit of information can be embedded in the quantum properties of a single photon, the laws of quantum mechanics make it difficult, if not impossible, for an enemy to intercept the message undetected.

Both the telecommunications and computer industries would like such networks to keep information secure. The NIST method may help overcome one of the technical barriers standing in their way by measuring photons’ spectral properties—essentially their color—10,000 times better than conventional spectrometers.

Individual photons have a limitation: They cannot travel through fiber-optic cables for more than about 100 kilometers (about 60 miles) without likely being absorbed. A quantum network able to handle worldwide communications would need periodic way stations that could catch photons and retransmit their information without loss. The NIST team’s invention could help such a “quantum repeater” interact effectively with photons.

Key to the operation of the quantum repeater would be a memory component that uses an ensemble of atoms to store the photon’s information briefly and retransmit it at the right moment. Its operation would involve an atom’s energy structure: As an atom catches the photon, the atom’s energy level rises to a higher state. At the desired moment, the atom returns to its original state and emits the energy as another photon.

Not just any photon can readily interact with this atom, though. It needs to be exactly the right color, or wavelength, needed to make the atom’s outer electron jump to a higher state. To make usable repeaters, engineers need to measure photons’ wavelengths far more precisely than conventional spectrometers can.

The NIST team goes past convention with a technique called electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), which starts out by using atoms’ ability to block light of a specific wavelength.

Astronomers can tell what gases form the atmosphere of a far-off world because light passing through it makes the gas molecules vibrate at frequencies that block out light of particular colors, creating telltale dark lines in the light’s spectrum. EIT essentially creates a single dark line by beaming a laser at atoms whose vibrations block much of its light. A second laser, tuned to nearly the same wavelength as the first, is directed at the same atom and the interference between these two nearly identical beams alters the darkness. Instead of a simple dark line, it creates a line with a narrow transparent hole through which photons only of an extremely specific wavelength can pass.

By making fine adjustments to the second laser’s wavelength, the team found it could move the hole back and forth across the dark line’s width, giving them a way to make highly precise measurements of a passing photon’s wavelength.

To give a sense of how precise their spectrometer is, the team gave the example of a common laser pointer that shines in a single narrow color range, creating a pure-colored point on a screen. The typical spectrum width of a laser pointer is right around 1 terahertz (THz). The NIST invention can measure the color of a single-photon-level signal that has a spectrum 10 million times narrower than the laser pointer, resulting in a performance 10,000 times better than typical conventional spectrometers.

“Additionally, we can extend our EIT spectrometer’s performance to any other wavelength range using other processes developed by our group without sacrificing its spectral resolution, high wavelength accuracy and high detection sensitivity,” said Lijun Ma, an optical engineer on the NIST team. “We think this will give the industry the tool it needs to build effective quantum repeaters.”

National Academy’s 270th Class Graduates Receive Presidential Congratulations

The FBI’s National Academy—a prestigious 11-week educational program for law enforcement officers from around the world—graduated its 270th class today, and on hand to congratulate the graduates were Director Christopher Wray, Attorney General Jeff Sessions, and President Donald Trump.

“I’d like to extend a special welcome to President Trump and Attorney General Sessions,” Wray said, addressing the 222 students in this session’s class, who represent 49 U.S. states, 20 countries, four federal agencies, and three branches of the U.S. military.

“For more than 80 years,” Wray said, “this program has served as a bridge between state and local law enforcement to international law enforcement. Today, you join the ranks of more than 50,000 graduates from more than 170 countries.”

Founded in 1935, the National Academy program offers mid-career law enforcement leaders an advanced training program at Quantico, Virginia, the same location where the FBI trains its agents. National Academy students take courses in subjects ranging from behavioral science to counterterrorism to intelligence theory and engage in intense physical training. Just as importantly, they network with their peers.

Forging friendships and partnerships, Wray said, “is what the National Academy does best. As the world becomes smaller and perils loom larger, we’ve learned that a threat to one of us can be a threat to all of us. We’ve learned that working together isn’t just the best option, it’s really the only option.”

In welcoming Trump, Wray noted that it has been 46 years since a U.S. commander in chief participated in a National Academy graduation. “Mr. President, there is no better place to talk about the importance of partnerships than here at the National Academy, surrounded by some of the finest law enforcement leaders from here at home and around the world.”

“It is an honor to join you today and to stand with the incredible men and women of law enforcement,” Trump said during his remarks. “I am here not only to congratulate you, but to honor you for your courage and devotion.”
“It is an honor to join you today and to stand with the incredible men and women of law enforcement.”

President Donald Trump
In addition to thanking the many family members in the audience, the president said, “Now, more than ever, we must support the men and women in blue.” Trump addressed a number of issues related to policing and national security and said the Department of Justice has announced more than $98 million in grant funding to help local police departments hire new officers. “If we want to bring down violent crime,” he said, “then we must stand up for our police.”

Wray noted that last February, the president addressed the Major County Sheriffs Association, calling for a national partnership and a new beginning between law enforcement and the citizens they serve. “By joining us today,” he said, the president is “renewing that call.”

Trump also recognized the National Academy’s class president and spokesman, Drug Enforcement Administration officer Craig Wiles, whose father graduated from the National Academy 40 years ago and was in the audience today for his son. Wiles reminded the graduates and their families that “evil lives around the world,” noting that during his session’s nearly 11 weeks at Quantico, 24 law enforcement officers lost their lives, several terror attacks occurred in the U.S., and 10,000 individuals died of drug overdoses.

But Wiles remained hopeful. Based on his experience at the National Academy, he said, “I have never been more enthusiastic and optimistic about the future of the law enforcement community.” He added, “There is no greater calling than this honorable profession.”

Eagle Pass CBP Officers Seize Meth Worth $1.2 Million

EAGLE PASS, Texas – U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers seize nearly 62 pounds of methamphetamine at the Eagle Pass Port of Entry.
“Our CBP officers maintain constant vigilance in protecting the United States,” said Port Director John Brandt, Eagle Pass Port of Entry. “Keeping dangerous drugs from entering our country is one of the key missions of CBP.”
On Dec. 13, CBP officers at Camino Real International Bridge inspected a 2002 Ford F-150 pickup as it arrived in the United States from Mexico. During the secondary inspection, with the assistance of non-intrusive inspection technology (x-ray), officers discovered anomalies within the vehicle. CBP officers consequently seized a total of 61.9 pounds of alleged methamphetamine worth an estimated $1,238,103.
The male driver, a 50-year-old U.S. citizen and resident of Corsicana, was turned over to Homeland Security Investigations for further investigation.
The Office of Field Operations is the primary organization within U.S. Customs and Border Protection tasked with an anti-terrorism mission at our nation’s ports. CBP officers screen all people, vehicles and goods entering the United States while facilitating the flow of legitimate trade and travel. Their mission also includes carrying out border-related duties, including narcotics interdiction, enforcing immigration and trade laws, and protecting the nation's food supply and agriculture industry from pests and diseases.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is the unified border agency within the Department of Homeland Security charged with the management, control and protection of our nation's borders at and between the official ports of entry. CBP is charged with keeping terrorists and terrorist weapons out of the country while enforcing hundreds of U.S. laws.

CBP Works To Keep Holiday Traffic Flowing – Public Can Help Too

EL PASO, Texas -- U.S. Customs and Border Protection is reminding those who are planning to cross the border for the upcoming Christmas holiday season of a variety of steps they can take to ensure a smooth and efficient processing experience upon their arrival to the United States in El Paso and other border ports.
“Late December and early January are traditionally some of the busiest times of the year at border ports of entry. By preparing for the inspection process and using a number of widely available resources travelers can help themselves cross the border as quickly as possible,” said Hector Mancha, CBP Director of Field Operation in El Paso. “CBP is working to expedite the entry process while maintaining our homeland security mission. CBP managers will remain engaged and ensure shifts and workloads are appropriately addressed.”
Members of the traveling public can monitor Border Wait Times online or obtain the CBP BWT app on their smartphone via the Apple App Store or Google Play allowing them to check wait times and make an informed decision on where to cross. These wait times are updated hourly. Travelers can also observe current traffic conditions at the Paso Del Norte, Stanton and Ysleta bridges on the city of El Paso website.
Also to avoid any potential delays or fines due to travelers bringing prohibited/restricted agricultural items, CBP encourages travelers to declare all agricultural items to a CBP officer upon arrival and before making their journey to consult the CBP Know Before You Go guide online.
CBP strongly encourages travelers to apply for their tourist permits online. Travelers will receive a provisional I-94 after submitting their application and payment online. To finalize the I-94 process, a traveler must present themselves within seven days of their application and submit biometrics, a photo and be interviewed by a CBP officer. Just this week CBP El Paso announced special lanes for those who prepay the I-94 document which will further expedite entry.
CBP also encourages travelers to obtain and utilize radio-frequency identification technology equipped travel documents such as U.S. passport cards and the newer versions of the border crossing card and resident alien card so that they can utilize designated and marked Ready Lanes. Processing in Ready Lanes is 20 percent faster than normal lanes and provide a time savings of up to 20 seconds per vehicle. Those who have renewed their entry documents within the last 24 months already have RFID and may not know it. CBP encourages travelers to obtain RFID entry documents to use Ready Lanes and enroll in trusted traveler programs.
The El Paso port of entry will continue to implement the very successful All Lanes Open Initiative during the holiday period. CBP staffs all vehicle and pedestrian lanes from 6 a.m. until 10 a.m. weekdays and during historically busy periods on weekends. This effort will be supplemented with the ongoing public-private partnership between CBP and the city of El Paso in which the city the city identifies and funds periods where additional CBP service is desired.
To speed the border crossing process travelers should prepare before arriving at the inspection booth. Please have crossing documents available for the inspection. Travelers should declare all items acquired abroad to avoid fines and penalties. This would include agricultural products and gifts. It is also best that any Christmas gifts are not wrapped in the event CBP needs to perform a more thorough inspection of the product. In addition, individuals should end cellular phone conversations before arriving at the inspection booth.
Knowing that this is a busy period travelers should build extra time into their trips in the event they cross during periods of exceptionally heavy traffic. This includes SENTRI/Dedicated Commuter Lane (DCL) users.
During periods of heavy travel, border crossers may wish to consider alternative entry routes. Usually wait times are shorter at the Tornillo and Santa Teresa crossings than in El Paso. They should also travel during non-peak hours if their schedule allows.
CBP also suggests the drivers insure that their vehicles are properly maintained and mechanically sound and that occupants avoid riding in areas of vehicles not specifically designed to carry passengers. Failure to follow these steps can expose crossers/passengers to carbon monoxide.



New NIST Forensic Tests Help Ensure High-Quality Copies of Digital Evidence

Data found on a suspect’s computer, cell phone or tablet can prove to be crucial evidence in a legal case. A new set of software tools developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) aims to make sure this digital evidence will hold up in court.

The software suite, referred to collectively as federated testing tools, is designed to help law enforcement and forensic practitioners with a critical early step in evidence collection: making a copy of the data from a seized electronic device. Because a suspect’s guilt or innocence can hang in the balance, both the prosecution and the defense must agree that the digital forensic process did not introduce any unseen errors into the data, and that the methods they are using work as expected.

Extracting and copying data is a risky process because of the rapidly shifting digital landscape that we and our devices inhabit. Confronting the practitioners are all the differences in data and format that can exist between one device and the next—because of the sheer number of different manufacturers, and because of the frequent software updates pushed to various makes and models.

“It’s hard to keep up,” said Barbara Guttman, one of the suite’s developers at NIST’s Computer Forensics Tool Testing project. “You don’t want to risk your copying software failing when you try to get data from some new computer that is critical to your case. So, we created these tools to help ensure that the copying software works effectively and transparently.”

The federated testing tools allow authorities to run tests in advance on their digital forensic software to make sure ahead of time that it will not fail them when a suspect’s personal computer, media or device arrives in the forensic science lab. Guttman describes the suite as the three most critical tools for evidence acquisition and preservation, each addressing one aspect of the copying process.

One tool tests software for copying computer disks, while another tests mobile device data extraction software. These two test protocols were available previously, but the suite is now completed with a new third test for “write blockers,” which are a sort of one-way valve for data-copying software. An effective write blocker allows data to flow only from the seized device to the copying computer, not the other way around. Later updates to the suite will address additional forensic functions, Guttman said.

The full suite is a freely available Linux file that anyone can download and burn to a blank CD. They can use the disk to boot their workstation and test their copying tools via a user-friendly interface.

The NIST software also allows different forensics labs to exchange the results of their tests with each other, so that they can share the burden of exploring how well a copying method works on a specific platform and operating system. Running copying software through its paces generates a report that disparate organizations can share among themselves or with the world, allowing them to indicate whether they found anomalies during the testing or not.

“Pooling these traceable results will mean less work for any given lab or organization,” Guttman said. “We don’t require they share the tests, but a rising tide should raise all boats.”

Guttman cautioned that the tools will not ensure that a copying or digital forensic process is flawless, only that the results of the job are clearly visible to anyone.

“Evidence doesn’t have to be complete to be admissible,” she said. “The key here is that copying does not introduce errors into the data that no one can see.”

Interest in federated testing will go beyond law enforcement agencies, Guttman added. Any organization that performs forensics, such as civil law firms and corporate enforcement offices, will find a use for the test suite.

How Avigilon is Protecting Against Cyber Vulnerabilities

As the number of internet protocol (IP) connected devices in physical security systems increases, conversations about information security are a natural part of the sales process. Organizations such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are actively proposing an Identify-Protect-Detect-Respond-Recover framework for cybersecurity.
The NIST framework advocates the identification of key business risks due to cyber threats; the protection of data, devices, and services from these threats; continuous monitoring to enable detection of cybersecurity events as they happen; and the development of a clear response and recovery process.

The Three Layers of Avigilon Cyber Protection
The protection of data, devices, and services can be successful only if the network-connected software and hardware implement an appropriate amount of defensive measures to ensure integrity, confidentiality, and availability.

The integrity of a system is compromised when the software is maliciously modified or taken over by an attacker who has learned an administrator-level password. Software defects that permit buffer overflow, database code injection, and cross-site scripting vulnerabilities can also cause a loss of integrity.
Goal: To ensure data and the function of the system are not maliciously or inadvertently manipulated.
    •    No backdoor administrative or maintenance access accounts
    •    Signed and encrypted firmware
    •    Disabling access to the operating system
    •    Fully encrypted control communication
    •    Transport Layer Security Secure Remote Password (TLS-SRP) for client-server connections
    •    Automatic firmware updates

A system's confidentiality is compromised when users circumvent a system's access controls to gain unauthorized access to the data it contains. Most often, a breach in confidentiality is the result of an attacker guessing or obtaining a legitimate user's password to access the system.
Goal: To keep information private and secure.
    •    Centralized user control through Active Directory integration and/or parent/child user sharing
    •    Password strength enforcement
    •    Ability to bulk-change camera passwords from Avigilon Control Center (ACC)™ video management software
    •    Lock-out on multiple invalid login attempts

In addition to loss of confidentiality and integrity, the availability of a system and its data can be compromised by external attacks. These usually take the form of a denial of service (DoS) attack where an attacker bombards a system with requests. Although it is difficult to protect against all forms of these attacks, the effect is usually temporary.
Goal: To ensure system uptime and continuity of function.
    •    Progressive back-off on multiple invalid login attempts
    •    Separate, limited-access gateway for thin client (web and mobile) access to video
    •    802.1x device authentication

Download the Avigilon Cybersecurity Flyer PDF



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